What Are Typical Caregiver Duties?


As a Caregiver, Personal Care Aide, or Personal Care Worker as some call it, your primary job will involve providing personal care to your clients. This means taking care of a wide variety of different tasks to ensure that they are healthy and safe. Some examples of common tasks that you’ll need to take care of include:


Making sure that your clients are able to get into and out of the bathtub or shower. In some cases, you may also need to give them a sponge bath if they are unable to wash themselves.


Making sure that your charges can go to the toilet as needed. In some cases, you may need to change adult diapers and or clean your charges if they are unable to do it themselves.

Dental Health

You’ll need to ensure that your patients are brushing their teeth and caring for their gums, if they are unable to then you will have to gently brush their teeth for them.

hairbrushGeneral Lifestyle Issues

In addition to these, helping your patients with food preparation, eating, getting dressed in the morning and getting around will be primary parts of your job.

Understanding Why Someone Needs Personal Care

While the reason why someone needs personal care may not seem relevant at first; however, the reality is that knowing why someone is disabled can help tremendously in doing your job since you will need to provide different kinds of care depending on what the problem is. For example:

Recovery from Accident or Illness

If the person is recovering from an accident or illness, the focus of your personal care should be on trying to help them to recover to fully function as quickly as possible.

Long Term Chronic Condition or Old Age

In both of these cases, your job in providing personal care is somewhat different since you need to be able to help the client accept the limitations of their life as it is while at the same time helping them to be as independent as possible.


Occasionally, you may be called upon to work with clients in the final days of their lives. In these cases, you will need to be compassionate and help your clients to accept their lives and the fact that they do not have much longer on this earth.

Meeting Your Client’s Needs

Meeting your client’s needs for personal care means much more than just helping them with the day to day activities of life. It also means doing what needs to be done to ensure that they feel comfortable with you and with themselves. For example, you should be understanding of your clients and of the emotional turmoil they are experiencing at this difficult stage in their lives. This means ensuring that you make a good impression on your clients and that you show them acceptance of their needs.  You should be prepared to build a helping relationship with your client and you must be ready to deal with any special problems that come up while working with your charges.

Infection Control in Personal Care

A large part of your work as a personal care aide is going to involve making sure that infections aren’t spread when working with your clients. This means taking a number of precautions to prevent the spread of disease. Some things you should do include:

Personal Aide DutiesKeeping Clean

You need to ensure that you keep the house clean and neat. When working with food, be sure to wash food and clean up any spills quickly. If you must change bandages or deal with wounds of any kind, antiseptic should be used to clean the wounds before dressing.

You should ensure that you also wash your hands regularly as well ensuring that you watch out for the possibility of infection from these problems.

Keeping Abreast of Problems

Another important part of personal care is to ensure that there will be no problems with chronic illness issues or other risk factors such as age or immunosuppressed individuals (i.e. people who are infected with HIV or other diseases which can cause them to be more susceptible to opportunistic infections). As a primary caregiver, it is your responsibility watch out for the issues that may come up.

Dealing with Pain

Another issue that may come up for your personal care clients is that they may be dealing with chronic or temporary severe pain. A part of your work will involve helping them to manage their chronic pain problems. There are a number of things that you need to keep in mind while dealing with these issues:

Effects of Pain

Often, when one of your personal care patients is experiencing severe pain, you’ll find that they are unable to function effectively in ways that they ordinary would have been able to. Therefore, you need to be ready to work with them to ensure that they can handle such issues and will not be incapacitated by their pain.

Cultural Issues

Remember as well that your clients will have different ways of dealing with pain and that you need to respect these feelings while at the same time being professional about it.


Finally, as a personal care aide, one of your primary jobs will be reporting on your client’s condition to the RN Supervisor. This means ensuring that you report on pain management issues as well so that you can effectively help your clients to deal with these problems.


There may be times when your home health care patients will require help with basic bodily functions, such as going to the toilet. In these cases, you may need to help them in using a bedpan. This is a special device which allows them to urinate in bed. Generally, you’ll need to wear gloves after the urination and empty the bedpan into the toilet once they are done with their business.

In order to prepare for your client’s needs, you should thoroughly clean the bedpan and help them to position it as needed. Wait until your client reports that he or she is done with it before you remove the bedpan and then carefully take it away, ensuring that you don’t spill anything. The bedpan should be cleaned again once you have emptied it to ensure that it doesn’t develop any smells.

Note that in other cases, patients may require the use of a bedside commode which is another specialized device, in this case for the collection of feces (i.e. it’s a kind of a toilet bowl which your clients can sit down on next to the bed). The procedure for using such a device is similar to that of using a bedpan.

Qualities of a Personal Care Aide or Personal Care Worker

Personal care worker dutiesThe duties of a personal care aide require a lot of patience because aides will encounter patients who will be unruly or difficult to take care of. Personal care workers must also be dependable because family members will rely greatly on them. The family members of the patient sought the services of a personal care aide because they are in need of assistance for taking care of the patient. That is why aides must be reliable and trustworthy in dealing with a patient. They must also possess good physical health because he or she may be faced with tasks that involve lifting or carrying the patient.

Lastly, they must also be service oriented. Providing service is the core mission of every personal care aide. It will also be advantageous for them to have completed personal care aide training. In training, they will also learn the basics of home care which they will eventually need when providing the physical and nutritional needs of the patient.

Being a personal care aide, personal care worker, personal care attendant can be a very rewarding experience. Your attitude, efforts and care directly affect another person, possibly even a loved one’s, daily quality of life. You get the satisfaction of seeing daily how your care improves someone’s life for the better, not many jobs allow you to see the rewards of your hard work as clearly as being a personal care worker.

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